Воспаление параанальных желез у собак

Воспаление параанальных желез у собак

Воспаление параанальных желез у собак – очень распространённое заболевание. К воспалению приводит накопление секрета в специальных анальных мешках и невозможность для него выйти наружу обычным путём.

Последствия запущенного воспаления параанальных желез у собак могут быть очень серьёзными: абсцесс, хроническая закупорка желёз, самотравмирование, облысение, фурункулёз, пиодермия, патологии надпочечников, расстройства поведения: хронический стресс, неврозы.

Параанальные железы у собаки: что это

Параанальные железы у собаки: что этоЭто специальные железы (или синусы), которые представлены в виде симметричных мешочков, расположенных по бокам в прямой кишке в месте её перехода в анальное отверстие. Эти железы вырабатывают резко пахнущий секрет, который выполняет две основные функции:

  • позволяет животным обозначать территорию, оставляя сигнальные метки;
  • являясь своеобразной смазкой, облегчает процесс дефекации.

В норме эти железы регулярно очищаются сами из-за сдавливания при выходе наружу каловых масс. Иногда возникает закупорка пераанальных желез у собаки, и секрет не может выходить наружу самостоятельно. Такая закупорка переходит в воспаление и требует вмешательства хозяина или ветеринара.

Причины воспаления параанальных желез у собаки

Причины воспаления параанальных желез у собакиСреди основных причин воспаления:

  • малоподвижный образ жизни;
  • нерегулярность прогулок, низкая их частота, необходимость сдерживать дефекацию;
  • заражение некоторыми видами паразитов;
  • ожирение;
  • нездоровый рацион;
  • слишком мягкий корм;
  • частые поносы.

Воспаление чаще случается у молодых собак, а связи с породными особенностями не выявлено вовсе.

Симптомы воспаления параанальных желез у собаки

Симптомы, по большей части, представлены поведенческими изменениями:

Симптомы воспаления параанальных желез у собаки
  • собака беспокойна и неусидчива;
  • попытки «чистить зад» о ковёр или пол;
  • постоянное стремление выкусить что-то под хвостом;
  • отказ от еды;
  • признаки боли при дефекации или в сидячей позе.

При визуальном осмотре можно увидеть:

  • местное облысение в районе ануса;
  • покраснение и припухлость ануса;
  • подмокшую шерсть вокруг хвоста;
  • расчёсы, сыпь.

Что делать при воспалении параанальных желез у собаки

Что делать при воспалении параанальных желез у собакиПри несильном воспалении с чисткой можно справиться самостоятельно, а при запущенном процессе необходимо как можно скорее обратиться к специалисту. Тем не менее, даже если вы сами смогли почистить железы, необходим осмотр и консультация у ветеринара для того, чтобы выяснить и устранить причины воспаления.

Специфической лабораторной диагностики не существует, обычно достаточно простого клинического осмотра и пальпации.

Лечение воспаления параанальных желез у собак

Как лечить воспаление параанальных желез у собаки? При развившемся воспалении процесс лечения включает в себя:

  • механическую очистку закупоренных желез;
  • промывание синуса, введение антибиотиков;
  • наблюдение и мероприятия по вторичной профилактике.
При необходимости используют местное обезболивание и успокоительные средства. При очистке закупоренных, но не воспалённых желез анестезия не требуется. При развившемся абсцессе могут потребоваться проколы.

Оперативное вмешательство (резекция желез) требуется только в отдельных очень тяжёлых случаях. К удалению параанальных желез у собак должны быть строгие показания, и в профилактических целях делать её нельзя.

Диета

Важно полностью исключить из рациона любую еду «с хозяйского стола»: ничего жирного, жареного, острого или солёного. В рационе должно содержаться большое количество клетчатки, что поможет параанальным железам очищаться естественным путём.

Для тех собак, у кого причиной воспаления стало ожирение, необходимо сформировать диетический рацион.

Профилактика воспаления параанальных желез у собаки

Для профилактики воспаления параанальных желез у собаки помогут:

Профилактика воспаления параанальных желез у собаки
  • регулярный осмотр области ануса (но без очистки здоровых желез, это может, напротив, привести к микротравмам и развитию заболевания);
  • долгий выгул с физическими нагрузками;
  • поддержание оптимального породного веса;
  • своевременная дегельминтизация;
  • важно добиться регулярного сформированного стула;
  • сбалансированный рацион.

Видео о чистке параанальных желез у собак

Предлагаем посмотреть видео, где можно увидеть, как именно чистить параанальные железы у собаки среднего размера. Нужно отметить, что для небольших и совсем маленьких пород подходит только этот способ, тогда как железы крупных собак можно очищать также и изнутри ануса.

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