Судороги у собаки: симптомы, причины и лечение

Судороги у собаки: причины и лечение
У каждого животного могут произойти приступы судорог. Данное явления приводит в панику многих владельцев, и они не могут быстро сориентироваться, чтобы оказать своему любимцу первую помощь. Судороги могут наблюдаться по причине какого-либо заболевания или патологического изменения в организме.

Почему у собаки бывают судороги

Что провоцирует судороги у собакиОсновная причина – это эпилептическое состояние. Опасно оно тем, что характеризуется неврологическими нарушениями в головном мозге животного.

Нередко судороги начинаются вследствие отравления ядами, самым опасным из которых считается мышьяк. Если в организм собаки попадает мышьяк, то помимо судорог наблюдается рвота, обильное питье воды и диарея. После судорожного состояния может наступить паралич.

Также спровоцировать приступ могут инфекционные заболевания. К примеру, причиной может стать даже токсоплазмоз или бешенство. Активирует судорожное состояние столбняк и метаболические нарушения. Состояние эклампсии, что вызывается недостатком кальция в организме, приводит к резким сокращениям мышц.

Гипогликемия тоже может быть одной из первопричин судорожного состояния, которое в таком случае характерно для щенков маленьких пород. Из-за частых стрессов, ненормального питания или преждевременных родов, повышается уровень сахара в крови. Гипогликемия характеризуется нарушенной координацией, с последующим внезапным мышечным сокращением.

Возникнуть данный недуг может у представителя любой породы, но существует некоторые породы, которые предрасположены более всего: таксы, хаски, лабрадоры. Заболевание отличается половой принадлежностью и в группу риска чаще всего попадают кобеля.

Как оказать первую помощь при судорогах у собаки

Как оказать первую помощь при судорогах у собакиЧто делать, если у собаки судороги? Наблюдая неприятное зрелище с участием своего любимого животного, которое мучается, в судорожных конвульсиях каждому добросовестному владельцу хочется сразу же помочь любимцу. Но, к сожалению, оказать первую помощь не получится. Единственное, что можно сделать в первые минуты – это подхватить животное и доставить в ветлечебницу.

Чтобы избежать осложнений, можно придерживать животное во время приступа, чтоб оно не ушиблось об ближайшие предметы или не нанесло другие повреждения себе. Если ветеринар вызван на дом, то до его приезда можно аккуратно измерить температуру тела у животного. Для снижения нервной возбудимости собаке рекомендуется дать разведенный в воде валокордин. Другие действия до осмотра врача самостоятельно не предпринимаются.

Диагностика при судорогах у собаки

Определить точную причину судорожных приступов у собак может только ветеринар после ряда необходимых анализов. Чтобы поставить точный диагноз назначают пройти следующие исследования:

Диагностика при судорогах у собаки
  • анализ крови;
  • обследование грудной клетки путем рентгенографии;
  • компьютерная томография;
  • УЗИ;
  • эхокардия сердца.

По результатам обследований устанавливается диагноз и назначается лечение.

Лечение судорог у собаки

Облегчить состояния собаки может только ветврач. В первую очередь он вводит магний сульфата и антигистаминные препараты. После чего приступы прекращаются. Исходя из показаний обследований, назначается курс лечения.

Когда у собаки начинаются судороги конечностей – это состояние, которое несет опасность для здоровья и жизни. Как бы это печально не звучало, но при отсутствии лечения очередной приступ может закончиться летальным исходом. Все зависит от того, насколько быстро владелец больной собаки обратится за специализированной помощью.

Видео о судорогах у собаки

Как вести себя с собакой во время приступа расскажет ветеринар в этом видео.

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