Отек легких у собак: симптомы и лечение

Отек легких у собак: симптомы и лечение
Отек легких у собак может развиваться как отдельная болезнь или быть последствием других тяжелых патологий. При наличии заболевания происходит заполнение капилляров кровью, формируется экссудат, жидкость вытекает впоследствии в альвеолы и промежуточную ткань легких. Причиной развития болезни считаются пороки сердца, миокарды, патологические состояния в виде пневмонии, шока, отравления газами и т. д. При появлении первых симптомов болезни необходимо немедленно обратиться к врачу, только он сможет назначить надлежащее лечение.

Причины отека легких у собаки

Причины развития болезни самые разные, среди них:

Причины отека легких у собаки
  • пороки и болезни сердца;
  • гипопротеинемия;
  • интоксикация организма;
  • воспаление легких;
  • интоксикация ядом;
  • удар электрическим током;
  • вдыхание горячего воздуха;
  • длительные забеги;
  • перегретый организм;
  • травмирование головы;
  • почечная недостаточность.

Наибольшей распространенностью заболевание пользуется среди спортивных и ездовых собак, такая статистика объясняется высокими физическими нагрузками, которые приходиться им испытывать. Болезнь может проявиться в любом возрасте.

Симптомы отека легких у собаки

Отек легких считается критическим состоянием, определить его можно по следующим признакам:

Симптомы отека легких у собаки
  • угнетенное состояние – собака подавлена, реакция на еду отсутствует;
  • одышка – животное вытягивает шею, шире расставляет лапы, расправляя ребра и дыхательные пути, открывает пасть;
  • измененное дыхание;
  • кашель – явный или в виде хрипов;
  • изменение оттенка кожи и слизистых, при светлой пигментации уши и нос синеют;
  • выделения из пасти и ноздрей, консистенция разная от прозрачной розоватой до кровянистой пены;
  • низкая температура;
  • хаотичное, суетливое поведение;
  • ослабление везикулярного дыхания.

При нормальном дыхании слышен ровный шум, в некоторых случаях при простукивании грудной клетки слышен глухой стук.

Что делать, если у собаки отек легких

Неотложная помощь

В первую очередь необходимо остановить панику, ситуация требует быстрых, четких действий. На первом месте в данном случае стоит необходимость восстановления дыхательных путей адреналином.

Куда обращаться и какие анализы необходимо сдавать

Что делать, если у собаки отек легких

В любом случае собаку необходимо везти в ветеринарную клинику, в дороге животному нужно создать максимально комфортные условия, поддерживать, вытирать выделения и слюну, проветривать салон машины, успокаивать.

Больному животному делают рентген (если позволяет состояние), с помощью которого упрощается постановка диагноза. В ходе диагностики проводится также общий анализ крови и эхокардиографическое исследование.

Какой курс лечения необходимо пройти

Лечение отека зависит от квалификации ветеринара и владельца животного, которому необходимо создать условия полного покоя, физические нагрузки должны быть минимальными, любые стрессы исключены. В качестве лечения применяются кислородные ингаляции и медикаментозная терапия, в рамках которой используются диуретики, бронхолитики, вазодилаторы, глюкокортикоиды.

При наличии признаков нервного перевозбуждения ветеринар выписывает успокоительные препараты (ацепромазин). Могут также использоваться кровопускания, внутривенно вводится раствор глюкозы и хлористый кальций. Для поддержания функционирования сердца назначаются кофеин/кордиамин, иногда ветеринар может выписать мочегонные препараты. При некардиогенном отеке терапия направляется на лечение основного заболевания.

При отеке легких показана бессолевая диета.

Профилактика отека легких у собак

Профилактика отека легких у собакЛучшим лечением любой болезни считается профилактика, здоровье животного во многом зависит от соблюдения условий содержания и того, какое внимание этим правилам уделяет владелец. Помещение должно быть безопасным для домашнего питомца и приспособленным для его нужд.

Собаки, которые много двигаются, особенно это касается гончих и охотничьих, должны полноценно отдыхать, иметь возможность уединяться, особе внимание следует уделить питанию. При наличии предрасположенности животного к сердечным заболеваниям в доме всегда должна быть аптечка, для владельца очень важны навыки оказания реанимационной и первой помощи.

Видео об отеке легких у собаки

Более подробную информацию о признаках отека легких можно узнать в этом видео. В нем описываются подробно симптомы заболевания и действия владельца, если диагноз уже установлен.

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