Насморк у собаки: причины и как лечить

Насморк у собаки: причины и как лечить

Сопли у собаки – частый симптом простуды у животного, который может быть признаком более серьезного заболевания. Поэтому каждый хозяин должен знать, в чем кроется причина насморка и как его лечить. Что делать, если у собаки сопли?

Причины появления соплей у собаки

Почему у собаки текут сопли? Если у собаки текут сопли из носа — это свидетельствует о том, что в носу находится какое-либо инородное тело, поэтому с помощью слизи организм животного пытается избавиться от него.

Бактерии, вирусы или грибковая инфекция

Почему возникает насморк у собакиНа первое место следует определить наличие бактерий или вирусов. Они являются основными возбудителями ринита. Признаки, по которым можно определить их наличие – покрасневшая слизистая с последующим воспалением. Выделения, как правило, обильные и постоянного характера.

Если же причиной становится грибковая инфекция, то выделения будут более мажущимися. Начальные этапы заболевания характеризуются появлением из носовых пазух прозрачной водички, которая при отсутствии лечения начинает становиться густой и мутнеет. Более запущенные случаи отличаются гнойным выделением зеленоватого цвета, иногда с кровяными сгустками.

Вирусные заболевания будут характеризоваться заложенным носом с образованием корочек возле носовых пазух. Зачастую любая вирусная инфекция сопровождается конъюнктивитом и сильным кашлем. Общие характеристики: сонливость, потеря аппетита, вялость, высокая температура. С заболеванием вирусного характера можно бороться только по назначенному курсу лечения врачом.

Контакт с аллергенами

Аллергия может быть чем угодно и все зависит только от индивидуальных особенностей организма собаки. Определяется она очень просто: истечения являются двусторонними и в виде прозрачной жидкости. Выделения будут усиливаться при непосредственном контакте с основным аллергеном. При этом характерна слезоточивость и отечность. Рекомендуется лечить аллергию после выявления ветеринаром главного аллергена.

Контактное раздражение

Если собака учуяла дым, агрессивную бытовую химию, то может возникнуть воспаление слизистой в носу. Отличительно, что симптомы появятся сразу же после контакта с раздражителем. Из носовых пазух будут обильно выделяться прозрачные слизи, пес начнет чихать и тереть морду лапами. Владелец может в таком случае оказать первую помощь, применив капли против отечности, но лучше всего посетить ветеринара, чтобы исключить аллергическую реакцию организма.

Попадание в нос собаки инородного тела

Попадание в нос собаки инородного телаВо время прогулок у животного могут начаться слизистые выделения из носа – это свидетельство того, что возможно случилось попадание травы, песка, осколков, мелких камушков в носовую пазуху.

Чтобы определить присутствие инородного тела нужно понаблюдать за питомцев. Первые признаки – собака начинает чихать, пытаться лапами потереть нос, поскуливает и тем самым показывает, что в носу ему что-то мешает. Если предмет грубый, то слизь может отходить с вкраплениями крови. Очень важно в такие моменты хозяину оказать неотложную помощь своему любимцу и постараться аккуратно пинцетом изъять инородное тело из носа. Если все попытки напрасны, то необходимо как можно быстрее обратиться к специалисту.

Также, наличие паразитов в носу может вызывать обильный насморк. Объясняется ринит тем, что реакция организма на укусы блох или жизнедеятельность других паразитов происходит в виде выделений слизистой носа прозрачной жидкости. В таком случае, в первую очередь избавляются от паразитов, а затем применяют специальные ветеринарные капли.

Лечение насморка у собаки

Оказание первой помощи при насморке у собакиЧто делать, если у собаки насморк? Прежде всего, необходимо произвести осмотр слизистой. Для этого рекомендуют задрать морду собаки и осветить фонариком. Если обнаружено инородное тело, то удалить с помощью пинцета, но ни в коем случае не струей воды. После чего следует закапать раствором максидина.

Если причиной появления насморка являются вирусные заболевания, то нужно применять анандин. При этом животное следует ограничить от холода и сквозняков. В других случаях лечение соплей у собаки назначает только ветеринар.

Насморк – это тот неприятный симптом, который может возникать вне зависимости породы и возраста собаки. Причины, провоцирующие его появление, могут быть самые разные, поэтому хозяину собаки необходимо знать азы оказания первой помощи при проявлениях насморка. А что вы делаете, если у вашей собаки появился насморк? Как вы пробовали лечить сопли у собаки?
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