Новошотландский ретривер: характеристика и описание породы

Описание породы Новошотландский ретривер

Краткая характеристика породы новошотландский ретривер

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Толлер, Новошотландский Завлекающий Уток Ретривер, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: 45-51 см.
  • Вес: 17-23 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: различные оттенки оранжевого, возможны белые отметины.
  • Длина шерсти: средняя.
  • Продолжительность жизни: до 15 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: хороший охотник с жизнерадостным характером.
  • Сложности породы: собакам быстро надоедает однообразие, и они начинают вредничать; шотландские ретриверы гиперактивны.
  • Средняя цена: 800 – 700 долларов.

История происхождения новошотландского ретривера

Новошотландский ретривер, которого еще называют толлер, был впервые упомянут в письменных источниках в 17 веке. Примерно в это время собак данной породы привезли из Европы на Американский континент, в том числе и в Канаду.

История появления толлеров в Европе не известна. Но существует версия, что они ведут свое начало от датских Kooikerhondje, так как именно собаки этой породы похожи на шотландских ретриверов не только внешне, но и по тому, как они подманивают дичь. В создании породы участвовали шелти, колли, кокер-спаниэли, ирландские сеттеры. В Европе порода не развивалась, вся селекция о улучшению толлеров проводилась в Америке.

Порода получила наименование «утиная собака Литтл Ривер». В 1945 году ее признали в Канадском клубе собаководства. После войны утиных ретриверов завезли в Европу. В настоящее время эти собаки получили широкое распространение в Англии и скандинавских странах. В России таких собак немного. Они известны в основном только в узкой среде любителей охоты на водоплавающую дичь. Но сейчас в России действуют несколько питомников по разведению новошотландских ретриверов.

Предназначение и характер новошотландского ретривера

Предназначение и характер новошотландского ретривераСобаки этой породы великолепные охотники. Охотничий инстинкт у них развит очень сильно. Без охоты ретривер становится вялым. Но толлеры и прекрасные собаки-компаньоны. В этом случае для поддержания тонуса собаку занимают игрой, в какой-то мере замещающей охоту. Эти собаки идеальны для любителей собачьего спорта — фрисби и атжилити.

Несмотря на маленькие размеры, ретриверы прекрасные охранники, они не только начинают громко лаять, но и пытаются преградить непрошеному гостю дорогу.

Толлеры всегда выбирают одного хозяина, вожака стаи, и слушаются только его. Они не проявляют агрессии ни к другим животным, ни к людям. Эти собаки прекрасно ладят с детьми, охотно принимают участие в их играх. Они умны, очень быстро приобретают необходимые гигиенические навыки. Собака хорошо понимает команды. Она очень активна, постоянно в движении, любит бегать и плавать.

Толлеры требуют много внимания, но могут занимать себя и сами. Эти собаки не переносят чувства голода, если их не покормить вовремя, то они могут начать грызть мебель и вещи.

Видео обзор породы новошотландский ретривер

Предлагаем посмотреть видео, как проходит тренировка толлера.

Как выбрать щенка новошотландского ретривера

При выборе щенка необходимо учитывать стандарты породы:

Как выбрать щенка новошотландского ретривера
  • череп в форме клина;
  • нос сходится к кончику;
  • челюсти сильные, губы плотно прилегающие, прикус в виде ножниц;
  • глаза широко расставлены, веки одного цвета с губами;
  • уши треугольные, по размеру средние;
  • шея основательная, крепкая мускулистая;
  • лапы мускулистые, с хорошо развитыми коленными суставами, задние широко расставлены,
  • лопатки прилегают к спине;
  • спина совершенно прямая и короткая;
  • хвост подвижный широкий, сужается к концу.

Толлер двигается плавно, лапы передвигаются только по прямой, и они ни в коем случае не должны отклоняться в сторону.

У щенка не может быть слишком короткий хвост, шерсть должна быть ровная и гладкая, лапы толстые. При посещении заводчика надо обязательно посмотреть, в каких условиях живут собаки, как выглядит мать будущего вашего щенка.

Клички для новошотландского ретривера

Толлер – собака охотничья, и это следует принимать во внимание при подборе клички. Она должна быть звонкая, чтобы было слышно издалека.

Кобелю можно выбирать кличку по внешнему виду: Рыжий, Браун, Гольд, Злотый. По характеру: Шустрый, Буран, Разбой, Атаман, Гладай, Ястреб, Летун. Можно и с учетом происхождения: Шонн, Дублин, Пэр, Цент.

Для сук подходят такие клички: Герда, Вьюга, Стужа, Пурга, Вира, Буря, Леди, Ладна, Чара, Орейра.

Содержание и уход за новошотландским ретривером

Содержание и уход за новошотландским ретриверомОсновная трудность в уходе за ретривером заключается в необходимости постоянно его вычесывать. В период линьки это приходится делать минимум два раза в день. Собаку можно мыть только по мере надобности и лучше не использовать шампуни, если шерсть очень грязная, то надо воспользоваться мылом без сильных ароматизаторов.

Собака должна иметь постоянное место в доме. Лучше, если в помещении, где живет собака, не будет посторонних запахов. Ретриверы предпочитают жить в доме, хотя в теплое время года они комфортно себя чувствуют и на улице.

Чем кормить новошотландского ретривера

Щенок должен получать сбалансированное питание. Дневной рацион может наполовину состоять из вареного мяса. Рыба морская и творог даются раз в неделю. Четверть рациона это крупы, лучше, если это будет рис и греча. Остальное овощи. Для щенка овощи следует натереть на терке и заправить ложкой растительного масла. Щенкам и взрослым собакам полезны кисломолочные продукты.

Рацион взрослой собаки почти такой же, но можно добавлять субпродукты в вареном виде и постепенно вводить сырое мясо.

Дрессировка и воспитание новошотландского ретривера

Дрессировка и воспитание новошотландского ретривераРетриверы неплохо поддаются дрессировке, но при работе с ними надо проявлять терпение. Собака может упрямиться, отказываться выполнять уже знакомые команды. Но ретривера легко переключить на игру. Главное в работе с собаками такой породы—это максимально приблизит дрессировку к игре.

Как и любую собаку, толлера сначала обучают необходимым гигиеническим навыкам и привычным, необходимым в быту. Затем осваиваются простые команды, помогающие организовать безопасные прогулки. Это необходимо из-за того, что толлеры могут начать гоняться за воображаемой дичью и потерять бдительность и ориентацию на городской улице. После этого отрабатываются более сложные команды, и при необходимости начинается отработка охотничьих навыков.

Плюсы и минусы породы новошотландский ретривер

Достоинства. Ретриверы умны и сообразительны. Преданы своему хозяину и готовы его защищать. Они отличные охотники. У этих собак двухслойная шерсть, позволяющая ему находиться долгое время в холодной воде. Их можно содержать и в городской квартире и за городом.

Недостатки: 

  • не терпит долгого одиночества, начинает вести себя шумно и непредсказуемо, пытаясь привлечь к себе внимание; подвержены стрессам;
  • невозможен выгул без поводка, они легко увлекаются погоней за всем, что принимают за добычу;
  • требуются длительные прогулки с большой физической нагрузкой;
    много линяют.

Отзывы владельцев о новошотландском ретривере

Линда:

Новошотландского ретривера мне подарили. Я никогда не была без ума от собак. Но мой молодой человек решил, что это будет хорошим подарком. Я и не знала ничего об этой породе. Для меня это был просто маленький няшка. Няшка оказалась умненькой, понимала каждое мое слово, и мы стали с ней просто подружками. Люси понимает каждое слово. Мне достаточно повторить команду несколько раз и по возможности показать, как Люси все схватывает. А иногда делает так, как надо и без учебы. Но одну я ее не оставляю, она начинает лаять и наскакивать на стену. Но я нашла выход. Соседка – пенсионерка с удовольствием оставляет ее у себя пока я на работе. Тут прочитала в инете статью и с удивлением узнала, что моя Люси еще и на уток может охотиться!

Николай Анатольевич:

Я купил собаку для охоты. У меня несколько собак разных охотничьих пород. Новошотландский ретривер —оптимальный вариант для охоты на птицу. Легко натаскивается, в воде не мерзнет, плавает как дельфин. На других собак не реагирует. Щенок стоит не дешево, но он того стоит.

Уважаемые владельцы новошотландского ретривера, как вы считаете, можно ли собак с такими охотничьими инстинктами как толлер, заводить для роли собаки-компаньона? Поделитесь с нами вашим опытом!
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