Немецкий боксер: описание породы собак

Описание породы Немецкий боксер

Краткое описание породы немецкий боксер

  • Другие возможные названия: Боксер, Boxer.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: кобель от 57 до 63 см, суки – от 53 до 59 см.
  • Вес: от 25 до 35 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: рыжий или тигровый, на морде должна быть черная маска. Белые отметины на груди и лапах не запрещены стандартом.
  • Длина шерсти: короткая, плотноприлегающая, жесткая.
  • Продолжительность жизни: 10-12 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: основными преимуществами породы являются отменные охранные качества, выносливость, ум и игривость.
  • Сложности породы: уязвимость собаки к простудам.
  • Средняя цена за собаку: бульдог с родословной и от хороших производителей колеблется от 450 до 580 долларов, щенка без документов можно приобрести и за 100 долларов, но в этом случае нет гарантии, что малыш вырастет здоровым и похожим на боксера.

История происхождения немецкого боксера

Немецкий боксер – крупная, мощная, рельефная собака с широкой и квадратной головой. Родина боксера – Германия. Их предки – булленбейсеры (собаки, очень похожие на современного боксера), которые пользовались популярностью в XVIIвеке. Немецкий боксер был получен благодаря приливанию булленбейсерам кровей мастифов, бульдогов. Предназначение собаки – охрана имущества и человека, но при этом боксеры стали одной из самых управляемых и не агрессивных служебных собак.

Современный тип боксера сформировался к концу XIXвека, в это же время и появился первый национальный клуб породы. С начала XXвека боксер стал очень популярен на своей родине в Германии, а к середине этого же века собаки этой породы распространились по всему миру.

Название породы появилось благодаря характерной особенности поведения боксера в драке – собака начинает битву своими передними лапами – словом, дерется, как боксер на ринге. Благодаря отменным рабочим качествам и дружелюбию, а при случае — и проявлению хорошей защитной реакции, боксер пользуется заслуженной популярностью среди собаководов по всему миру.

Предназначение и характер немецкого боксера

Предназначение и характер немецкого боксераБоксер – собака-универсал, она может стать отличным компаньоном, другом детей, нянькой, охранником, спортсменом и нести службу. В наше время немецкие боксеры работают в полиции, в поисково-спасательной службе, а благодаря крепкой нервной системе и уравновешенности боксер может стать и собакой-поводырем слепых.

Боксер – преданная собака, которая тяжело переживает даже кратковременную разлуку со своим хозяином. Взрослеют боксеры долго – иногда даже в 3 года собака ведет себя как щенок. Боксер — самая игривая порода собак среди служебных, с живым темпераментом, готовая проводить долгие часы на спортивной площадке вместе с хозяином. Собаки этой породы очень любят детей и никогда не дадут их в обиду. К незнакомцам относятся настороженно.

А вот с собаками или другими домашними животными боксеру часто бывает сложно найти общий язык, поэтому на прогулках его лучше держать на поводке в тех местах, где гуляют другие собаки – улучив момент, боксер постарается вступить с ними в драку, которая может стать очень жестокой. Хорошо уживается боксер с другими собаками или кошками только при условии совместного с ними взросления.

Видео обзор породы собак немецкий боксер

В следующем видео, где вам расскажут не только об истории происхождения породы, но и о стандарте и внешнем виде немецкого боксера, его характере.

Как выбрать щенка немецкого боксера

Прежде, чем начать выбирать щенка, нужно задуматься о том, для каких целей вы выбираете собаку.

Как выбрать щенка немецкого боксера
  • Если вам нужен просто друг и член семьи, то родители щенка могут и не обладать высокими экстерьерными данными.
  • Для собаки-охранника лучше выбирать щенка из помета, родители которого работали в полиции или армии. В первом и втором случае малыша можно забирать домой в возрасте 1,5-2 месяца.
  • А уж если вы хотите посещать выставки или заниматься разведением, то ищите тех щенков, чьи родители – чемпионы выставок.
  • Щенка шоу-класса лучше забирать домой в возрасте не менее 6 месяцев, чтобы уже понять, будет ли собака перспективной для выставок.

Самое главное – оценивая родителей вашего будущего члена семьи, уделите большое внимание психологическому состоянию собак: папа и мама щенков должны быть уравновешенными и спокойными, а также у них должны быть пройдены тесты на отсутствие дисплазии тазобедренных суставов.

Щенок боксера должен быть упитанным, веселым и здоровым на вид. Глазки и ушки должны быть чистыми, лапки – ровными. Спина – прямой и крепкой. Голова щенка в маленьком возрасте должна повторять форму головы взрослой собаки, а переход от лба к морде должен быть четко выраженным. Вес боксера в возрасте 2 месяцев составляет 7-8 кг.

Клички для немецкого боксера

Выбрать кличку для щенка проще всего, когда он уже живет с вами, ведь тогда есть возможность понаблюдать за ним и подобрать имя, наиболее подходящее для малыша. Боксер – собака серьезная, так что не стоит выбирать для него клички, которые подойдут мелким собакам (например, Пушок или Бэби). Назвать малыша можно и отталкиваясь от имени собаки, указанного в родословной.

Клички для кобелей: Джой, Бакс, Цезарь, Рич, Бой.

Клички для сук: Лада, Альфа, Марта, Рика, Мэри.

Содержание и уход за немецким боксером

Содержание и уход за немецким боксеромБоксер – теплолюбивая собака, которую содержать на улице категорически запрещено. Он может жить только в квартире, а в холодное время года выгуливать собаку необходимо в теплом комбинезоне. Взрослую собаку выгуливают не менее 2-х раз в день, при этом одна из прогулок должна быть продолжительной и активной, чтобы собака могла потратить накопленную энергию.

Шерсть боксера особых хлопот владельцу не доставляет – ее расчесывают прорезиненной или из плотной ткани варежкой 1 раз в неделю. Мыть собаку стоит как можно реже. Раз в неделю чистите уши и зубы.

Чем кормить немецкого боксера

Рацион немецкого боксера – это свежее говяжье мясо, овощи и фрукты, каши, творог или кефир в небольших количествах. Исключите из рациона собаки кости, жирную, сладкую или соленую пищу, мучные изделия, бобовые.О питании щенков подробнее тут

Кормить взрослую собаку следует 2 раза в день, щенка – от 3 до 6 раз в день в зависимости от возраста. Пища должна быть комнатной температуры, вес средней порции для взрослой собаки – 0,5 кг .

Если вы решили кормить боксера сухим кормом, выбирайте корм супер премиум-класса.

Дрессировка и воспитание немецкого боксера

Дрессировка и воспитание немецкого боксераБоксер легко поддается дрессировке, схватывает все на лету, но важно помнить, что с этой собакой хотя и надо проявлять особую твердость, но все-таки лучше дрессировать ее с использованием техники положительного подкрепления.

Боксер может быть упрямым и не горит желанием угождать владельцу, но его можно заставить работать, если сделать занятия интересным и вознаграждать собаку. При правильном подходе с дрессировкой боксера справится даже начинающий собаковод.

Плюсы и минусы породы немецкий боксер

Достоинства: легкообучаемый, хороший компаньон, короткая шерсть, охранник, любит детей, преданный и верный.

Недостатки: при отсутствии занятости может стать гиперактивным, не дружит с другими собаками, легко простужается и мерзнет в холодную погоду.

Отзывы владельцев о немецком боксере

Натали:

Отличная порода, но требует к себе очень много внимания, особенно в юном возрасте. Разрушает квартиру, если им не заниматься. Очень добрый, любит всех, но соседи его боятся. Мне кажется, что в квартире для него мало места. В целом порода – на любителя.

Тата:

Кто хоть раз заводил боксера, уже не сможет полюбить другу породу! Преданный друг, надежный товарищ, он стал для нас счастьем! У этой собаки есть душа. Жалко, что живут они мало.

Стас:

Подобрал такого на улице в холод. Боялся домой вести – двое маленьких детей. Но все-таки привел. Бакс вел себя хорошо, сразу полюбил детей – не отходит от них, живет с нами до сих пор, уже старичок. Если вы хотите боксера – заводите и не раздумывайте.

Боксер – чудесная собака, которая может стать вашим лучшим другом. Но в ее содержании есть особые тонкости, о которых я предлагаю поговорить в комментариях под статьей: как уберечь квартиру от разрушений, чем заняться с боксером, каким болезням подвержена эта собака, чем лучше угощать боксера и многое другое. Задавайте вопросы, пишите ответы.
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  • лариса says:

    Очень деликатная умная собака! Хотя первые 2 года просто дались трудно, очень гиперактивный был щенок. Лучшего друга трудно найти и 12 лет для меня очень мало. Только боксер.

  • тим says:

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