Русско-европейская лайка: описание породы

Описание породы Русско-европейская лайка

Краткая характеристика породы русско-европейская лайка

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Russo-European Laika, Russko-Evropeiskaya Laika.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: 50-53 см кобели, 49-55 см суки.
  • Вес: 17-22 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: соединяет черный и белый цвета в разных пропорциях. Один цвет должен преобладать, занимая не менее ¾ поверхности тела. Возможен однотонный окрас с единственным черным или белым пятном.
  • Длина шерсти: короткая, плотная, блестящая шерсть с густым подшерстком.
  • Продолжительность жизни: 12-14 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: спокойная, сильная, уверенная в себе собака. Хорошо поддается обучению, неприхотлива, великолепный охотник.
  • Сложности породы: независима, склонна к доминированию. Нуждается с ранней социализации.
  • Средняя цена:  купить щенка русско-европейской лайки можно от 150 долларов. Помет собак-чемпионов стоит значительно дороже.

История происхождения русско-европейской лайки

Русско-европейские лайки выведены для охоты. В процессе селекции скрещивались разные породы лаек: финские, костормские, вотяцкие, коми, архангельские. Порода была зарегистрирована в СССР в 60-х годах прошлого века.

Уникальность русско-европейской лайки в ее универсальности. Собака может быть натаскана на любую дичь, от птицы и белки до кабана и медведя.

Предназначение и характер русско-европейской лайки

Предназначение и характер русско-европейской лайкиРусско-европейская лайка – сообразительная, живая и уверенная в себе собака, которая станет отличным другом и надежным партнером на охоте. Неутомимый пес обожает долгие прогулки, смело вступает в схватку с любым зверем, а при случае способен защитить хозяина от опасности.

Русско-европейские лайки выведены для охоты на лесную, полевую и тундровую дичь. Могут охотиться в неблагоприятных погодных условиях. Подходят для содержания в частном доме, без проблем живут в вольере. Лайка может стать хорошим компаньоном для охотников, путешественников и просто активных людей, часто бывающих на природе.

Среди черт характера, которые чаще всего отмечают кинологи: уверенность в себе, склонность к лидерству, азарность, дружелюбность, самостоятельность, живость, привязанность к хозяину, недоверчивость к посторонним.

Русско-европейская лайка достаточно миролюбива, не склонна к агрессии. При этом она не доверяет чужим и может неплохо охранять хозяина и его имущество. Не в силах устоять перед потенциальной добычей, поэтому в людных местах собака должна быть в ошейнике с поводком и наморднике.

Видео обзор породы русско-европейская лайка

Русско-европейская лайка: ее особенности и преимущества. Как выводилась порода и почему она сохраняет популярность? Как воспитывать будущего охотника и чего от него ждать?

Как выбрать щенка русско-европейской лайки

Как выбрать щенка русско-европейской лайкиПокупать щенка нужно в сертифицированном питомнике. Если вас интересует охотничья собака, поинтересуйтесь рабочими качествами родителей. Желательно, чтобы они участвовали в полевых испытаниях и имели соответствующие дипломы.

Обычно щенки русско-европейской лайки находят новый дом в 2-3 месяца, взрослые собаки сложнее привыкают к хозяину.

Перспективный щенок активен, любопытен, спокойно реагирует на яркий свет и резкие звуки. Он не должен бояться незнакомцев или проявлять к ним агрессию. Чем более социализована мать щенка, тем проще будет приучить его к новому дому.

Перед покупкой нужно осмотреть щенка, убедиться, что он пропорционально сложен, не истощен, не имеет лишнего веса и раздутого брюшка. Лапы у подрастающей лайки сильные, прямые, достаточно длинные, спина без провислостей, уши посажены высоко. Важно проверить правильность прикуса и качество шерсти.

Клички для русско-европейской лайки

Выбрать имя щенку несложно. На специализированных сайтах и в журналах печатают целые списки подходящих кличек. Можно поступить проще и просто открыть энциклопедию или словарь. Наверняка так найдутся звучные слова, которые понравятся и вам, и собаке.

Лайкам подойдут короткие, экспрессивные, звонкие клички, полностью соответствующие их живому характеру. Важно, чтобы кличка легко произносилась и не была созвучна именам других членов семьи и домашних питомцев, иначе пес будет путаться.

Содержание и уход за русско-европейской лайкой

Содержание и уход за русско-европейской лайкойЛайки нетребовательны в быту. При возможности их лучше держать в уличном вольере с обязательной теплой будкой. В квартире собаке нужно выделить укромный угол с персональной лежанкой. Хорошо воспитанный пес не допускается на диваны и кресла.

Чтобы активная собака не портила мебель, обеспечьте ее игрушками из натуральных жил, косточками, мячами. С лайкой нужно много гулять, требуются хорошие физические нагрузки. Необходимо и постоянное общение, иначе собака будет нелюдимой и нервной. Со щенком и взрослой собакой нужно разговаривать, играть. Это сделает питомца контактным и укрепит взаимную привязанность с хозяином.

Плотная и густая шерсть нуждается в регулярном вычесывании. Мыть лайку можно не чаще 2 раз в год. Требуются регулярные прививки, осмотр и чистка ушей и глаз. Чтобы на зубах не образовывался налет, питомцу нужно давать сырые говяжьи кости.

Чем кормить русско-европейскую лайку

Щенков до 3 месяцев кормят 5-6 раз в день, к полугоду переводят на 3-4 разовое кормление. К году собака получает пищу 2 раза в день. В том же режиме кормят и взрослую собаку. В среднем питомцу нужно 10-20 г корма на 1 кг массы тела.

Питание щенков включает большое количество творога, яиц и кисломолочных продуктов, помогающих наращивать костную массу. Кроме этого щенкам дают сырое мясо, отварные или запаренные крупы, разнообразные овощи и фрукты. Еда должна быть густой, с преобладанием животных белков. Крупы добавляются в небольшом количестве, макаронные изделия и хлеб исключены.

Взрослым собакам дают смесь из сырого мяса, субпродуктов, круп, сырых или вареных овощей. Предпочтительна говядина, можно давать нежирную птицы и морскую рыбу. Свинину не дают ни в каком виде. Любимое лакомство лаек – сахарная косточка с остатками мяса. В качестве поощрения можно давать собаке сыр, сухофрукты, специальные витаминизированные галеты.

Собакам этой породы подойдет и готовый сухой или консервированный корм. Лучше выбирать корм категории премиум, содержащий минимум злаков и максимум животных белков. Дозировка указана на пакетах, она зависит от веса, возраста и физического состояния собаки. В доступе всегда должна быть чистая вода, которую нужно регулярно менять.

Дрессировка и воспитание русско-европейской лайки

Дрессировка и воспитание русско-европейской лайкиКак и другие охотничьи собаки, русско-европейские лайки отличаются независимым нравом и не склонны к беспрекословному послушанию. Им требуется твердая рука и строгое, но справедливое отношение. Если вы не справляетесь с дрессировкой самостоятельно, обратитесь к профессиональному тренеру.

Лайка, взятая для охоты, должна пройти специальное обучение и полевые испытания. Важна и ранняя социализация щенка. Собака, мало общающаяся с хозяином, может стать нелюдимой, недоверчивой и скрытной.

Плюсы и минусы породы русско-европейская лайка

Среди плюсов породы:  простота ухода, крепкое здоровье, уживчивость и контактность, живой и веселый характер, красивая внешность, отличные охотничьи качества.

К минусам можно отнести: необходимость длительных прогулок и хорошей физической активности, склонность к проявлению лидерских качеств, упрямство, страсть к охоте, которая распространяется на всех мелких животных.

Отзывы владельцев о русско-европейской лайке

Петр:

Мой отец охотник, держит двух лаек. Собачки серьезные, маленький сын их побаивается. Хотя они совсем не агрессивные, просто очень самодостаточные. Живут в вольере с будками, в доме практически не бывают. Отец говорит, что в тепле у лаек портится шерсть. А у этой парочки шерсть роскошная, угольно-черная (собаки – родные сестры). Выдрессированы они отлично, никогда ни на кого не нападают, даже цыплят во дворе не трогают. В общем, хорошие собаки, но явно не для городской квартиры.

Кирилл:

Долго думал, какую собаку взять в коттедж, остановился на русско-европейской лайке. Просто у приятеля такой пес, он и сагитировал, и питомник показал. Взял трехмесячного кобелька. Не для охоты, хотя родословная у пса солидная, родители получали призы и за уток, и за белок. Мой просто для души. Гуляем с ним, катаемся на лыжах, летом бегаем и плаваем. Пес не очень послушный, но мне это даже нравится, у собаки должен быть характер. Все равно он знает, кто вожак стаи. Да, дом охраняет хорошо. Сам взял на себя охранные функции, никто его не натаскивал.

Все чаще охотничьи собаки попадают в городские квартиры, где вынуждены мириться с теснотой и недостатком движения. Стоит ли покупать лаек тем, кто не планирует охотиться? А может, собакам достаточно долгих прогулок в обществе хозяина? Что по этому поводу думает ваш питомец? Поделитесь с нами вашим опытом!
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