Карельская медвежья собака: описание породы

Описание породы Карельская медвежья собака

Краткая характеристика породы собак карельская медвежья собака

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Карельская Медвежья Лайка, Karelian Bear Dog, Karjalankarhukoira.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: 60 сантиметров у кобелей и 53 сантиметра у сук.
  • Вес: около 23 килограмм.
  • Характерный окрас: матового или черного окраса. Встречаются особи с белыми пятнами на разных частях тела.
  • Длина шерсти: шерсть в области спины и шеи существенно длиннее, чем на других частях тела.
  • Продолжительность жизни: до 15 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: впечатляющие навыки охотника. Кроме этого, она отличается бесстрашием и огромной преданностью.
  • Сложности породы: абсолютно не ладит с другими породами. Кроме этого, её невозможно использовать в качестве обычной комнатной собачки.
  • Сколько стоит: цена за породистых щенков карельской медвежей собаки сегодня составляет около 1300 долларов.

История происхождения карельской медвежей собаки

В начале 19 века в Финляндии была выведена эта собака. Её родители – старинная финская порода и потомки архангельских лаек. От них животное получило только лучшие черты своего характера. Через какое-то время порода получила заслуженную популярность.

Во время Советско-финской войны с величайшим трудом получилось сохранить несколько десятков особей этой собаки. Их вывезли для сохранения и размножения в другие страны Европы, где их по сей день разводят.

Предназначение и характер карельской медвежей собаки

Предназначение и характер карельской медвежей собакиГлавной целью выведения была новая порода для охоты, которая смогла бы без доли страха бросаться на самого могучего зверя, от которого убегали другие собаки. Карельская медвежья собака пустится в погоню как на маленького зайца, так и на сурового злого медведя.

К своей добыче собака относится крайне агрессивно. Она не выпустит любого зверя, пока не подоспеет её хозяин. С людьми, которых животное не знает, оно относится с настороженностью и без доверия. Своего хозяина и семью собака очень любит.

Постоянно лезет в драку с другими собаками, поэтому с этим животным лучше всего охотиться в одиночку.

Общение с собакой должно быть строгим, она обязана почувствовать в вас лидера, иначе со её сложным характерном не справиться. Наказывать собаку ни в коем случаем нельзя, особенно за различные мелочи. Сильно ужимать в чем-то также не рекомендуется.

Видео обзор породы карельская медвежья собака

В данном видео рассказывается история и характеристика этой породы. Показано, как порода содержится в полицейском департаменте. Также дана информация про обучение собаки.

Как выбрать щенка карельской медвежей собаки

Как выбрать щенка карельской медвежей собакиПеред тем как купить щенка карельской медвежей собаки, нужно понять, что если у вас есть маленькие дети, то щенков карельской медвежьей собаки заводить однозначно не нужно. Так как животное отличается агрессивностью и эмоциональностью, то неизвестно, как она отреагирует на ребенка.

Необходимо проверить родословную собаки, познакомится с ее родителями, а также не забыть осмотреть, в какой физической форме щенок.

Брать щенка желательно до 5 месяцев. Сразу же нужно показать своенравному щенку, кто в доме лидер. Если этого не сделать, то он не будет воспринимать вас, как полноценного хозяина.

Клички для карельской медвежей собаки

Имя должно быть коротким и соответствовать требованиям заводчика. Существует список самых популярных кличек для этих собак. Кобелей чаще всего называют так: Бонг, Град, Дэр, Зойд.

Суки же получают более звучные клички: Забавка, Золотинка, Агава.

Содержание и уход за карельской медвежей собакой

Содержание и уход за карельской медвежей собакойВ обычной квартире эта собака не сможет прожить в комфорте, так как ей нужно постоянное движение. Поэтому их держат в основном в своих домах преимущественно в вольерах.

Нужно будет приобрести специальный металлический гребень, с помощью которого можно ухаживать за шерстью собаки. Вычесывать ее необходимо ежедневно.

От породы не исходит каких-либо сильных и неприятных запахов, что является несомненным плюсом. С ней нужно как гулять минимум дважды в день. Притом прогулки обязательно должны быть продолжительными.

Чем кормить карельскую медвежью собаку

При своем активном образе жизни собака ест довольно мало. При этом ей не требуется какая-то изысканная пища. Хозяин сам выбирает, чем он будет кормить своего домашнего питомца. Подойдут как натуральные, так и готовые сухие корма премиум класса. Конечно, мясо должно составлять как минимум половину рациона. Обязательно потребуется клетчатка — всевозможные каши и овощи.

Лучше всего не давать собаке сладости, супы, картошку, свинину и некоторые другие продукты. Как щенка, так и взрослые особи питаются преимущественно одним и тем же. Малышам нужно кушать 4 раза в день, взрослым будет достаточно двух раз.

Дрессировка и воспитание карельской медвежьей собаки

Дрессировка и воспитание карельской медвежьей собакиНеобходимо научить собаку с первых месяцев её жизни всем нужным командам. Также с ней нужно постоянно гулять и активно её тренировать. Серьезные физические нагрузки обязательно должны быть ежедневно. В противном случае над собакой можно потерять контроль.

Во время прогулки нужно надевать намордник. При этом нужно стараться каждый раз выбираться в новые для собаки места, чтобы она лучше постигала окружающий мир.

Щенков учат командам постепенно. Это нужно осуществлять постоянно, иначе малыши не захотят обучаться.

Плюсы и минусы породы карельская медвежья собака

Достоинства. Собака очень ценится многими людьми именно за свои несравненные навыки охотника. Помимо этого, животное неприхотливо, обладает повышенной выносливостью, огромной преданностью и полнейшим бесстрашием.

Недостатки. Можно выделить то, что если хозяин хотя бы чуть-чуть проявит слабину, то лидирующую позицию может занять именно собака. В таком случае, она попросту не будет слушаться. Также возникают большие сложности у тех, кто попытался содержать собаку в городской квартире. Животному становится скучно, и оно постоянно норовит убежать на свободу. Поэтому содержание этой породы возможно только в частных домах.

Отзывы владельцев о карельской медвежей собаке

Сергей:

Купил такого щенка у товарища. Сначала песик всего боялся, и не желал идти на контакт. Однако вскоре я с ним совладал, и общий язык был полноценно найден. Теперь он подрос, и стал крайне любопытным. Суёт свой нос где не попадя. Скоро буду учить его охотиться.

Никита:

Охочусь со своим зверем постоянно. Однажды он загнал медвежонка, и упорно не хотел его отпускать. Пожалел я животное и выпроводил восвояси. Пес явно огорчился, но быстро поймал мне зайца на ужин.

Такие они, карельские медвежьи собаки. Своенравные и свободолюбивые. Агрессивные, но верные. Совладать с ними непросто, но всё-таки можно. А есть ли у вас эти животные? Как вы их обучали? Поделитесь своими историями в комментариях.
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