Австралийский келпи: описание породы

Описание породы Австралийский келпи

Краткая характеристика породы собак австралийский келпи

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Келпи, Australian Kelpie, Kelpie.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: 45-52 см (кобели), 43-49 см (суки).
  • Вес: 14-20 кг (кобели), 11-18 кг (суки).
  • Характерный окрас:  однотонный черный, шоколадный, рыжий, чепрачный, темно-голубой. Допустимы более светлые отметины на голове и груди.
  • Длина шерсти: шерсть плотная, короткая, с густым подшерстком, ворс плотно прилегает к телу. Такое строение шерсти делает ее непромокаемой и позволяет собаке работать в любых погодных условиях.
  • Продолжительность жизни: 12 — 15 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: активная, подвижная, послушная собака с крепким иммунитетом и хорошим здоровьем. Хорошо поддается дрессировке, пригодна в качестве пастуха или охранника.
  • Сложности породы: нуждается в социализации, своенравна, склонна к доминированию. Возможны проблемы с суставами и координацией.
  • Сколько стоит австралийский келпи: от 200 до 1000 USD в зависимости от родословной. Суки с перспективой на разведение стоят дороже.

История происхождения австралийского келпи

История породы сравнительно коротка. Первые упоминания об австралийских келпи относятся к середине XIX века. Порода выведена в процессе скрещивания диких собак динго, британских овчарок и короткошерстных шотландских колли.

Позже собака была завезена в Европу и в Северную Америку, но широкого распространения не получила. Сегодня порода достаточно известна в Австралии, в других странах представлена незначительно.

Предназначение и характер австралийского келпи

Предназначение и характер австралийского келпиАвстралийский келпи – отличный пастух, надежный охранник и преданный друг. Собака идеально подходит для проживания в загородном доме, она любит длительные прогулки и активный образ жизни. Не предназначена для содержания в городской квартире.

Среди черт характера, которые чаще всего отмечают кинологи: преданность, стабильная психика, склонность к лидерству, восприимчивость дрессировке, выносливость, дружелюбие, преданность хозяину.

Австралийские келпи очень контактные, восприимчивые и понятливые собаки. Они хорошо дрессируются, ладят с детьми и не конфликтуют с другими домашними животными. Келпи стоит заводить людям, живущим в сельской местности. В тесной городской квартире свободолюбивые австралийцы будут чувствовать себя подавленно.

Видео обзор породы австралийский келпи

Австралийские келпи: какие они? Особенности породы, нюансы содержания и разведения. Забавные факты из жизни келпи и их хозяев.

Как выбрать щенка австралийского келпи

Австралийские келпи – редкая порода. Щенка можно приобрести у профессиональных заводчиков, лучшие представители породы выписываются из-за границы. Собака должна иметь хорошую родословную.Как выбрать щенка австралийского келпи

Признаки перспективного и здорового щенка:

  • крепкий костяк;
  • равномерный окрас, плотная шерсть с густым подшерстком;
  • правильный ножницеобразный прикус;
  • активность без ярко выраженной агрессии;
  • любознательность и дружелюбие.

Клички для австралийского келпи

Собакам этой породы подходят короткие, удобные в произношении клички: Тэсс, Рэсси, Ларс, Черри. Подчеркнуть иностранное происхождение помогут англоязычные имена, названия городов и других географических объектов. В состав полного имени войдет название питомника, важно выбрать кличку, которая будет гармонировать с ним.

Содержание и уход за австралийским келпи

Содержание и уход за австралийским келпиАвстралийские келпи непритязательны в быту, они могут жить в открытом вольере или в комнате. Выделите собаке постоянное место в удобном углу, защищенном от сквозняков.

Требуется выгул 2-3 раза в день, во время прогулки собака должна побегать. Желательно обеспечить длительные пробежки или тренировки на собачьей площадке.

Шерсть келпи не нуждается в вычесывании, после прогулки достаточно протереть лапы. Для придания шерсти блеска можно причесывать собаку щеткой 2-3 раза в месяц. Мыть келпи можно по мере загрязнения, с использованием специально шампуня. Требуется регулярная чистка ушей и глаз, подстригание когтей.

Чем кормить австралийского келпи

Щенки келпи нуждаются в 3-4 разовом кормлении сбалансированным кормом с высоким содержанием кальция и фосфора. Подойдут консервированные смеси премиум-класса, сухие корма или комбинирование натуральной пищи с витаминными добавками. Подробнее о питании щенков…

Взрослым келпи нужны корма с высоким содержанием животного белка и минимумом злаков. Желательно включать в рацион растительные масла, обеспечивающие красивый вид шерсти. Собаке подойдут готовые корма для активных животных. Время от времени можно давать сублимированные лакомства из мяса или рыбы.

Исключите сладости, соленые и копченые деликатесы. Время от времени собаке можно давать сырые говяжьи кости. Трубчатые куриные кости противопоказаны.

Дрессировка и воспитание австралийского келпи

Дрессировка и воспитание австралийского келпиКелпи нуждаются в ранней социализации и дрессуре. Собака должна как можно раньше усвоить основные команды и беспрекословно подчиняться хозяину. Для совершенствования пастушеских навыков требуются специальные тренировки.

Собаки этой породы обладают сильным характером и задатками лидера. Важно, чтобы хозяин с первых дней стал безусловным авторитетом для щенка, иначе взаимопонимание может быть нарушено.

Плюсы и минусы породы австралийский келпи

Среди плюсов породы: достоинство и стабильность психики, сдержанность, врожденные навыки пастуха и охранника, физическая сила, выносливость, трудолюбие, хорошее здоровье, отсутствие линьки, простота ухода.

К минусам можно отнести: необходимость частых прогулок, проблемы с суставами и координаций в старшем возрасте, сильный характер, склонный к доминированию.

Отзывы владельцев об австралийский келпи

Венсан:

Австралийскую келпи купили специально для содержания на ферме. Собака полностью оправдала ожидания. Она независимая, но очень преданная, легко дрессируется. Абсолютно бесконфликтная, спокойная, уверенная в себе. Стала хорошим охранником, любит детей. Рекомендую всем, кто хочет иметь преданного друга и независимого партнера.

Мария:

Щенка мы приобрели для содержания в коттедже. Выбирали собаку с родословной, пришлось поискать. Пес оказался великолепным, практически не лает, хорошо общается с детьми. За два года к ветеринару обращались только за прививками. Очень понятливая и послушная собака, мы довольны.

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