Карликовая (мини) такса: описание породы

Описание породы Карликовая такса

Краткая характеристика породы карликовая такса

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Миниатюрная такса, Мини такса, Dachshund Miniature.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: 30-35 см.
  • Вес: 5-6 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: выделяют три варианта окраса: одноцветный (красно-рыжий, рыжий и палевый), двухцветный (черный или темно-рыжий с более светлыми подпалами), пятнистый (мраморный или тигровый).
  • Длина шерсти: карликовые таксы могут быть гладкошерстными, жесткошерстными и длинношерстными.
    У гладкошерстной карликовой таксы шерсть густая, блестящая, без проплешин.
    Жесткошерстная имеет очень густую, упругую, умеренно длинную шерсть с обильным подшерстком. Обязательны густые усы и борода на морде.
    Шерсть длинношерстной карликовой таксы густая, мягкая, шелковистая, с выраженным подшерстком, на ушах, боках, задней стороне лап и хвосте шерсть образуется пышная бахрома.
  • Продолжительность жизни: 10-12 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: карликовая такса очень приятна в общении, хорошо уживается с другими домашними питомцами и детьми. Проста в уходе, отличается хорошим здоровьем.
  • Сложности породы: собака не любит оставаться в одиночестве, склонна к охоте на мелких животных, независима и упряма.
  • Средняя цена: купить карликовую таксу можно за 150-500 долларов в зависимости от класса щенка.

История происхождения карликовой таксы

Карликовые таксы выведены в Германии для норной охоты за мелкими животными. Селекционные работы по выведению миниатюрных особей начались в конце XIX века. Для скрещивания выбирались самые мелкие особи стандартных такс, при этом внимание уделялось не только внешности, но и рабочим качествам собак.

Сегодня различают два направления разведения. Часть заводчиков продолжает охотничью линию такс, другие разводят собак, делая акцент на их привлекательной внешности и не уделяя внимания рабочим качествам.

Предназначение и характер карликовой таксы

Предназначение и характер карликовой таксыМиниатюрные таксы используются для охоты на мелких животных (преимущественно кроликов). Возможно содержание в квартире в качестве компаньонов и декоративных собак.

Карликовая такса отличается дружелюбным нравом, стабильной психикой, активностью и жизнелюбием. Это собака-оптимист, всегда способная вызвать улыбку.

Среди черт характера, которые чаще всего отмечают кинологи: любознательность, контактность, ум, сообразительность, доброжелательность, активность, высокая работоспособность, бесстрашие, уравновешенность, упрямство, независимость, самостоятельность.

Видео обзор породы карликовая такса

Почему заводчики и владельцы считают таксу идеальной собакой для дома? История происхождения, особенности породы, забавные подробности из жизни забавных, бесстрашных и преданных мини-собак.

Как выбрать щенка карликовой таксы

Как выбрать щенка карликовой таксыЛучше приобретать будущего питомца в сертифицированном питомнике. Это дает гарантию, что проданный щенок будет соответствовать породным стандартам, а в будущем сможет участвовать в племенном разведении.

Породистых щенков продают в возрасте от 3 месяцев, к этому моменту им должны быть сделаны первые прививки. Возможна покупка подрощенных животных, они хорошо привыкают к новому дому и хозяину. Чем старше щенок, тем четче заметны породные признаки.

Хороший щенок должен иметь гармоничное телосложение, развитую мускулатуру, пропорциональную голову и лапы, прямой хвост без заломов, ровную спину без выраженного прогиба. Излишняя полнота или выпирающие кости нежелательны. У щенка должны быть высоко посаженные, достаточно длинные гладкие уши правильной формы, ножницеобразный прикус и полный набор зубов, соответствующий возрасту.

Обратите внимание на шерсть. Она должна быть блестящей, плотной, без проплешин и залысин. Чем ярче и насыщеннее цвет, тем лучше. У подпалых животных светлые отметины не должны занимать большую поверхность тела, белые пятна исключены. Пестрые окрасы должны быть равномерными, мелкие пятна распределяются по всему телу.

Здоровый и перспективный щенок активен, любопытен, доброжелателен. Не стоит приобретать трусливых или слишком агрессивных собак. Такие животные не подходят для охоты и разведения, а также дисквалифицируются и на выставках.

Клички для карликовой таксы

Имя породистой собаки зависит не только от владельца, но и от заводчика. Животное с родословной должно иметь кличку, начинающуюся с определенной буквы или слога. Важно, чтобы имя гармонировало с названием питомника или производной от клички родителей.

Карликовые таксы часто получают иностранные имена, намекающие на их происхождение. Популярны немецкие, английские, французские слова: Чарминг, Фрау, Грета, Эрни, Шерлок, Банни, Денди. В кличке можно обыграть окрас, привлекательную внешность и миниатюрный размер животного.

Сук называют Бэйди, Ангелика, Блонди, Хани, Белла, Минни, Дюймовочка, Дымка, Злата, Капля, Малышка.

Кобели могут получить кличку Принц, Франт, Хоббит. Большинство мини-такс имеет и ласковое домашнее имя, на которое с удовольствием откликается.

Содержание и уход за карликовой такой

Содержание и уход за карликовой такойМиниатюрные таксы очень любят гулять. Время от времени питомца стоит вывозить за город или в парк, чтобы он мог побегать. В холодную погоду короткошерстным таксам нужна теплая непромокающая одежда.

Выгуливать собаку нужно дважды в день, но в плохую погоду многие мини-таксы пользуются специальным лотком или пеленкой. Собаки должны содержаться в теплом помещении, вольерное проживание им не подойдет.

Длинношерстных собак нужно регулярно вычесывать, жесткошерстные нуждаются в периодическом тримминге. Таксы очень любят купание, время от времени их рекомендуется мыть теплой водой со специальным шампунем для собак. Подробнее об уходе за таксой тут

Чем кормить карликовую таксу

Щенков от 3 до 6 месяцев кормят 4 раза в день, к году их можно постепенно перевести на трехразовое кормление. Взрослые собаки получают еду утром и вечером.

Таксы склонные переедать, поэтому пищу нужно дозировать. Предпочтительно кормить питомцев сбалансированным кормом категории премиум, сухим или консервированным. Некоторые марки выпускают корма, специально предназначенные для такс.

Если делается выбор в пользу натурального питания, нужно кормить животное высокобелковой пищей (мясом, субпродуктами, творогом, рыбой) с небольшим добавлением зерновых и овощей. Трубчатые кости, жирную, острую и сладкую пищу давать нельзя. Еда должна быть достаточно густой, не горячей и абсолютно свежей. При натуральном питании рекомендуется давать сублимированные витаминные добавки для мелких собак.

Дрессировка и воспитание карликовой таксы

Дрессировка и воспитание карликовой таксыКарликовая такса, предназначенная для содержания в качестве домашнего любимца, не нуждается в специальной дрессировке. Важно приучить ее к нескольким основным командам «Фу», «Ко мне», «Место».

Животные, которых будут использовать для охоты, проходят специальное обучение и тренировки в полевых условиях. Таксы очень понятливы, достаточно покладисты, но временами могут проявлять упрямство. Дрессировщик должен действовать мягко, но настойчиво, чтобы добиться беспрекословного послушания, но не травмировать психику собаки.

Плюсы и минусы породы карликовая такса

Среди плюсов породы: хорошее здоровье и крепкий иммунитет, коммуникабельность и уживчивость, преданность хозяину, простой уход, крепкая шерсть, минимум линьки, веселый нрав.

К минусам можно отнести: склонность к излишней самостоятельности и побегам, не любит одиночество, громкий лай.

Отзывы владельцев о карликовой таксе

Анна:

У меня живет миниатюрная длинношерстная такса. Выбирала их-за размера, но обычную комнатную собачку не хотела. Считаю, что мини-такса – идеальный вариант. Она абсолютно самодостаточна, не капризна, очень уверена в себе. Никаких истерик и беспричинного лая, собака с чувством собственного достоинства. Ну а внешность просто очаровательная, у меня сука красивого темно-рыжего цвета. Родословная хорошая, но в выставках мы не участвуем. А вот охотится моя псина обожает. Кроликов у нас нет, но она азартно гоняется за мышами и парочку уже поймала.

Валентина:

Такс люблю, но считала, что с ними нужно много гулять, а у меня нет на это времени. На выставке познакомилась с заводчиком миниатюрных такс. Оказалось, что они в этом вопросе менее требовательны. И уже через полгода у меня появился Френсик – маленькое гладкошерстное мраморное чудо. Он действительно оказался самой подходящей для меня собакой. Очень веселый, всегда в хорошем настроении, обожает играть и бегать. При этом не требует выгула по утрам, спокойно делает свои дела на пеленку. Ест все и вообще проблем в быту не доставляет. Подумываю о том, чтобы завести Френсу товарища, вдвоем им будет веселее, а мне – интереснее.

Карликовая такса очаровательна и общительна, но все же она – не домашний любимец, а охотник. Стоит ли сохранять полевые качества собаки или сегодня охота на кроликов уже не актуальна? Что по этому поводу думаете вы и ваши питомцы? Поделитесь с нами вашим опытом!
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