Мопс: описание породы и все о нем

Подробное описание породы собак мопс

Характеристики породы

  • Рост взрослой особи: 25-35 см.
  • Вес: 6,5 – 8 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: черный, желтоватый или светлый.
  • Длина шерсти: короткая, порода гладкошерстная.
  • Сколько живут мопсы: 12-15 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: маленький рост, дружелюбность, привязчивость, забавный вид, хороший друг для детей.
  • Сложности породы: требует своеобразного ухода, храпит, легко толстеет, плохо поддается дрессировке.
  • Сколько стоит мопс: щенок  при покупке с рук — до 150$. В питомнике – от 300$ до 800$, выставочные породы – от 1000$ и выше.

История происхождения породы мопс

Мопсы относятся к древнейшей породе собак, выведенной в Китае. Особую ценность они представляли за свои складки на морде, в которых древние китайцы видели сходство с иероглифами. Только на рубеже 15-16 веков породу завезли в Европу, где около 200 лет они были невероятно популярными, а потом интерес к ним стал угасать. И только в 19 веке, после появления сообщества любителей мопсов, удалось восстановить их численность и улучшить породу.

В России мопсы появились в конце 19 века, но планы аристократов на серьезное разведение этой породы были разрушены революцией. Вплоть до восьмидесятых годов 20 века мопсы исчезли из нашей страны, после чего их стали завозить из ГДР, Польши и Англии.

Для чего предназначена порода

Благодаря своему мягкому, покладистому и дружелюбному характеру, мопсы завоевали огромную популярность среди собаководов. В качестве компаньона трудно найти лучшую породу. Мопс – спокойная и усидчивая собака, она отлично подойдет для тех, кто не любит часто гулять с собаками, а также для пожилых или очень занятых людей.

Но мопсы – это не только добрые и ласковые друзья. Из них получаются и отличные сторожевые псы, которые могут предупредить об опасности. Они очень чутко реагируют на любые подозрительные шумы за дверью и начинают лаять, извещая хозяина о нежданных визитерах.

Описание характера у мопсов

Мопсы очень активная и энергичная породаПочти все собаки этой породы очень игривы и энергичны в молодом возрасте, примерно до 3 лет. Позже они приобретают более спокойный характер и рассудительность. Но это не означает, что мопсы в более взрослом возрасте будут тихо и мирно сидеть на коленях у хозяина, преданно глядя ему в глаза. Частые пики активности – естественное явление для этой породы. В такие моменты они могут бегать по дому, резвиться и крушить все, что попадается им на пути.

Но есть и очень спокойные представители данной породы, которые предпочитают проводить время в своем уголочке, не нарушая покоя в доме. Однако таких не очень много. Большинство мопсов любят играть и следовать за хозяином, куда бы он ни направлялся.

Робких или очень агрессивных мопсов встретить практически невозможно. Они отличаются своей дружелюбностью и способностью мирно сосуществовать с другими домашними питомцами. Мопсы могут легко подружиться с кошками, а если они вместе росли, то спокойно могут спать вместе на одном диване.

К детям мопсы очень привязчивы, но участие в играх детей принимают не очень активно. При этом они любят, чтобы их гладили, ласкали и всячески уделяли им внимание. Мопсы не любят оставаться в доме одни, они грустят и обижаются, а когда видят хозяина после продолжительной разлуки, выражают бурную радость.

Мопсы – весьма умная порода, со временем они понимают, чего от них хочет хозяин, буквально с полуслова. Но иногда они бывают довольно упрямы. Если хозяин пытается заставить мопса делать то, что он не хочет, пес легко может обидеться. С возрастом это свойство характера мопса обычно начинает проявляться все чаще. Взрослого пса весьма сложно обучить новым приемам.

Видео обзор мопсов

В этом видеоролике вы сможете увидеть наглядно, что из себя представляет эта порода. В видео рассказывается о характерных особенностях мопсов, о методах его воспитания и ухода за ним. Данное видео будет интересно любому человеку, который всерьез задумывается о приобретении щенка этой породы.

Как выбрать щенка

При выборе щенка этой замечательной породы, необходимо целиком положиться на свою интуицию и эмоциональное восприятие. Какой вам нравится больше – тот и подойдет лучше всего. Иногда лучше оставить выбор за самим щенком – если какой-то из них сам побежал к вашим рукам, пусть тот и станет новым членом семьи.

Если важна породистость собаки, рекомендуется обсудить этот вопрос с профессиональным заводчиком, который поможет подобрать щенка соответственно вашим требованиям. Если вы собираетесь вырастить из щенка чемпиона выставок, к выбору потребуется подходить очень обстоятельно. У заводчика нужно будет проверить щенка на соответствие всем стандартам породы, изучить по документам родословную собаки. Желательно привлекать к выбору щенка стороннего специалиста, который сможет оценить качества щенка своим профессиональным взглядом.

Опытные кинологи не рекомендуют брать мопса во взрослом возрасте. Пусть они достаточно легко приручаются, но настоящими друзьями и преданными товарищами становятся только те собаки, которых привели в семью щенками.

Мопсов не желательно брать во взрослом возрасте

Уход и содержание

Уход за мопсами довольно специфичен, хотя и не представляет особых сложностей. Следует уделить внимание следующим моментам:

  • Уход за глазами. Мопсы часто страдают от глазных заболеваний, поэтому рекомендуется регулярно протирать глаза собак от слизи. Чтобы предотвратить развитие болезней, не рекомендуется выгуливать его там, где высокая трава, а также в пыльных местах. Желательно всегда держать дома специальные глазные капли для собак.
  • Уход за складками. После прогулок или еды в складках мопса могут скапливаться микробы и бактерии, которые не только со временем приводят к появлению неприятного запаха, но и могут стать причиной инфекционного заболевания. Поэтому необходимо ежедневно протирать складки собаки влажным ватным тампоном. Тампон рекомендуется смачивать не в воде, а в специальном лосьоне.
  • Уход за шерстью. Поскольку мопсы довольно сильно линяют, необходимо периодически расчесывать их шерсть.Купать мопса нужно по мере необходимости, в зависимости от того, как часто вы с ним гуляете.
  • Стрижка когтей. Если не обрезать ногти у молодого мопса, его лапы могут начать неправильно развиваться.

Кормят мопса такой же пищей, как и любую другую породу. Крайне не рекомендуется давать ему мучные продукты, сладости, копчености и чересчур жирную пищу. Мопсы подвержены ожирению, поэтому нельзя его сильно перекармливать. Чтобы избежать ожирения пса и поддерживать его в хорошей форме, следует ежедневно водить его на прогулки.

Дрессировка мопсов

Дрессировать мопсов можно с раннего возрастаДрессировать мопса нужно начинать с раннего возраста. Представители этой породы довольно упрямы, поэтому на разучивание даже простейших команд вроде «ко мне», «сидеть», «фу», «рядом», может уйти немало времени.

Воспитать мопса не трудно. Он быстро понимает то, что требует от него хозяин. Мопса легко приучить к туалету, к ошейнику и к своему месту, но если хозяин не достаточно строг и не прикладывает к обучению достаточно усилий, успеха достичь будет сложно.

Достоинства и недостатки

Основные плюсы этой породы:

  • Любовь к людям. Мопсы обожают людей и готовы на все, чтобы хозяин уделил им внимание. Они очень преданны и никогда не убегут от хозяина на прогулке.
  • Игривый нрав. Мопсы крайне эмоциональны и своими забавными играми доставляют много радости членам семьи, особенно детям.
  • Простой уход. Как было указано выше, его достаточно иногда вычесывать и ухаживать за глазами и складками.

Недостатки мопсов:

  • Сильно линяют, несмотря на свою короткую шерсть.
  • Упрямы. Трудно поддаются дрессировке и воспитанию. Иногда во время прогулки мопс может просто сесть на месте и категорически отказаться следовать дальше. Приходится брать его на руки и нести самому.
  • Склонны к ожирению. Нельзя их сильно перекармливать.
  • Храпят во сне, но к этому можно быстро привыкнуть.
Может быть, вы сталкивались с какими-то проблемами, о которых не было упомянуто в этой статье? Расскажите о них в комментариях! Я поделюсь своим опытом и постараюсь ответить на любые ваши вопросы.
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