Неаполитанский мастиф: описание породы

Описание породы Неаполитанский мастиф

Краткая характеристика породы собак неаполитанский мастиф

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Мастиф Неаполитано, Мастино Наполетано, Mastino Napoletano, Neapolitan Mastiff.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: у кобелей – 65-75 см., у сук – 60-68 см.
  • Вес: у кобелей – 60-70 кг., у сук – 50-60 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: черный, свинцово-серый разных оттенков, серо-стальной, темно-серый, красновато-коричневый.
  • Длина шерсти: до 1, 5 см.
  • Продолжительность жизни: 8-10 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: Неаполитанский мастиф – это порода собак, которые могут быть хорошими охранниками. Но, не смотря на это, у них покладистый характер.
  • Сложности породы: собака пачкает слюной поверхности.
  • Сколько стоит: цена за неаполитанского мастифа 1000 долларов.

История происхождения неаполитанского мастифа 

Считается, что неаполитанский мастиф – это одна из самых древних пород. Она берет свое начало от римских мастифов. Они участвовали в собачьих боях и сопровождали римских легионеров на войне. Собаку использовали не только в качестве сторожа, но и как охотника на медведей, быков, ягуаров.

Данный вид породы стал популярен после того, как собака по имени Геркулес попал в Книгу рекордов Гиннеса, как самый большой пес. Он весил 128 кг и ел каждый день 1, 3 кг сухого корма и 1 кг бифштекса.

Предназначение и характер неаполитанского мастифа

Предназначение и характер неаполитанского мастифаСобаки породы неаполитанский мастиф сильные и храбрые. Именно поэтому их используют в качестве телохранителей и охранников. Они часто служат напарниками милиционеров. Кроме того, они остаются домашними любимцами, с которыми можно весело провести день.

Не смотря на то, что эти собаки отлично зарекомендовали себя как охранники, они остаются покладистыми и дружелюбными. Неаполитанский мастиф – это хороший преданный друг, который не только защитит вас от опасности, но и с удовольствием поиграет в подвижные игры.

Собаки не несут никакой опасности для детей, наоборот, они относятся к ним дружелюбно. Но специалисты не рекомендуют заводить данную породу, если в доме живут маленькие дети, так как собака из-за своих габаритов может поранить ребенка.

Стоит также отметить то, что собаки очень преданы своим хозяевам. Они будут ходить за вами по квартире и будут очень скучать, если вы оставите их одних. Кроме того, они ревнивые. Не позволят чужим прикасаться к их еде и игрушкам. Могут ревновать даже к детям.

Эту породу нужно приучать к дисциплине с раннего возраста, так как собака имеет большие размеры. Они хорошо поддаются обучению, но довольно упрямы.

Видео обзор породы неаполитанский мастиф

Предлагаем посмотреть интересное видео об этой породе. В ней вы узнаете о характере неаполитанского мастифа, стандартах внешности и предназначении.

Как выбрать щенка неаполитанского мастифа

Как выбрать щенка неаполитанского мастифаЕсли вы решили завести неаполитанского мастифа, то лучше выбирайте маленького щенка, нежели подросшую особь. Так как этих собак необходимо воспитывать с самого детства.

При покупке щенка обратите внимание на родословную матери и отца, также вы имеете право потребовать паспорт матери и отца, в которых указываются все сделанные собакам прививки и информация о прогонке глистов перед вязкой.

Клички для неаполитанского мастифа

Выбрать кличку для питомца – занятие непростое. Конечно, нужно дать то имя, которое нравится именно вам. Но здесь у людей появляются трудности. Ведь кличка – это на всю жизнь. Она больше играет роль для человека, чем для собаки.

Чтобы вам стало легче, посмотрите на своего питомца. Возможно, имя придет само собой. Если нет, тогда поищите в интернете или прислушайтесь к нашим советам. Так как неаполитанский мастиф – это крупная собака, то клички Малыш, Йетти, Бизон отпадают.

Если у вас мальчик назовите его Джеки, Шахтер, Тигра или Пират.

Для девочки рассмотрите такие имена: Алексия, Айка, Бриджит, Ванесса.

Содержание и уход за неаполитанским мастифом

Содержание и уход за неаполитанским мастифомУход за неаполитанским мастифом может принести трудности. Сейчас вы узнаете почему. Во-первых, это крупная собака. Во-вторых, у них обильное слюноотделение, поэтому они могут оставлять слюни на поверхности. Чтобы собака прожила долгую и счастливую жизнь, вам необходимо соблюдать эти правила:

  • Купирование ушей. Уши – это слабое место собаки, поэтому они нуждаются в купировании. В ином случае могут появиться заболевания.
  • Уход за шерстью. Необходимо расчесывать шерсть собаке. К тому же, ей это очень нравится. Она расценивает это как знак любви.
  • Купание. Нельзя купать собаку чаще, два раза в месяц. В противном случае могут возникнуть проблемы с шерстью и с кожей тела.
  • Нужно проходить процедуру вакцинации.
  • Держать собаку лучше в доме, так как ей необходимо много пространства.
  • Во время прогулки необходимо играть с собакой в подвижные игры.

Чем кормить неаполитанского  мастифа

Многие хозяева не уделяют внимание такой важной теме, как кормление, и это неправильно.

Собаку нельзя кормить рисом, куриным мясом и костями. Когда вы берете щенка, поинтересуйтесь, чем его кормили прежде. Это поможет избежать проблем с пищеварением.

При кормлении взрослой собаки нужно соблюдать правильный режим кормления. Кормить в одно и то же время. Собаке лучше всего питаться специальными кормами для крупных собак. В них содержатся все необходимые микроэлементы необходимые для жизни питомца. Натуральные продукты тоже можно использовать, но их нужно подобрать с ветеринаром.

Дрессировка и воспитание неаполитанского мастифа

Дрессировка и воспитание неаполитанского мастифаОбучение собаки занимает много времени, так как они не выделяются сообразительностью, но они покладистые и дружелюбные, поэтому дрессура принесет вам массу удовольствия. В первую очередь необходимо сразу показать собаке, кто в доме хозяин.

Тренироваться лучше рано утром, когда на площадке мало людей. Из-за больших габаритов она может напугать других собаководов. Приучение к общению также важно для них, так как они застенчивы и могут не ужиться с другими животными.

Плюсы и минусы породы неаполитанский мастиф

Достоинства. Из достоинств можно выделит то, что это дружелюбные собаки, которые ладят с детьми и другими животными. Они всегда придут на помощь своему хозяину. Если он чувствует, что вам угрожает опасность, может сорваться с места и побежать.

Недостатки. Первое, что можно сказать из недостатков – это то, что у собаки постоянно течет слюна и когда она есть, вся еда разбросана по помещению из-за строения ее морды. Также недоверчивы и ревнивы.

Отзывы о неаполитанском мастифе

Наталья:

Завели собаку в прошлом году. Долго решались, ведь у нас есть сын, которому четыре года. Наши опасения были напрасны. С ребенком ладит отлично. Дружелюбная и веселая собака. Стала настоящим членом нашей семьи.

Марина:

Очень преданная порода. Когда я на работе, он скучает и безумно рад, когда я возвращаюсь домой. Не раз защищал от пьяного соседа. С ним мне абсолютно не страшно. Мой самый верный друг.

Я знаю, что многие специалисты против того, чтобы эта порода жила с маленькими детьми в одном помещении, так как могут задеть или ранить их. Как считаете вы? Возможно, у вас или у ваших знакомых есть опыт в данной ситуации.
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