Чем кормить лабрадора?

Чем кормить лабрадора?
Основная проблема, связанная с уходом за лабрадором, – кормление. Дело в том, что эта порода отличается большим аппетитом, то есть собака может есть столько, сколько ей будут давать. Подобная прожорливость не только приводит к быстрому ожирению, но и пагубно сказывается на хрупких костях питомца, приводя к артритам и артрозам. К этому нужно прибавить высокую подверженность аллергии, от которой страдают кожные покровы и шерсть. Поэтому за рационом собаки необходимо пристально следить и ни в коем случае не нарушать его.

Рекомендуемые и запрещенные продукты

Рекомендуемые и запрещенные продукты для лабрадораКак правильно кормить лабрадора? Начнем с перечисления общих правил кормления собаки натуральными продуктами:

  • еда всегда должна быть свежей, желательно, только приготовленной;
  • пища не должна быть холодной или горячей, лучший вариант – комнатной температуры;
  • корм должен выдаваться ежедневно в одно и то же время одинаковыми порциями;
  • нельзя кормить собаку сразу натуральным и сухим кормом;
  • нельзя давать питомцу еду со своего стола.

Чем кормить лабрадора в домашних условиях? Какие продукты должны обязательно входить в рацион лабрадора:

  1. Нежирное мясо: говядина, курица, конина, индейка, субпродукты. Давать можно в сыром и отварном виде – как больше нравиться собаке. Только субпродукты необходимо хорошо отваривать. Если вы предпочитаете давать сырое мясо, необходимо раз в месяц давать собаке противоглистные препараты.
  2. Рыба. Очень полезна, в ней много йода и фосфора. Выбирать следует нежирные морские сорта, очищать от костей и отваривать перед подачей.
  3. Крупы. Можно давать все, кроме перловой и овсяной. Они хуже усваиваются и дают аллергические реакции. В кашу рекомендуется добавлять немного растительного масла.
  4. Кисломолочные продукты (творог, кефир, бифидок, простокваша). Они богаты кальцием, который очень полезен для хрупких костей лабрадоров. В каши и овощные смеси можно добавлять натертый нежирный сыр.
  5. Яйца. Давать можно 1 – 2 раза в неделю, добавляя в каши или молочные продукты. Рекомендуется отделять желток от белка, так последний не усваивается организмом собаки.
  6. Фрукты и овощи. Лабрадоры их очень любят и едят как в сыром, так и отварном виде. В овощные порции добавляют растительное масло или сметану. В корм рекомендуется добавлять и мелкорубленую свежею зелень (петрушка, укроп, перья лука, салат).

Запрещенные продукты:

  1. Жирная пища, в том числе жирное мясо. Вредна, потому что приводит к заболеваниям пищеварительного тракта и способствует возникновению ожирения, к котором у и так склонна эта парода.
  2. Кости. Собаки их не усваивают. Кроме того, их употребление приводит к стачиванию зубов, запорам, завороту кишок и прободению кишечника. Особенно опасно давать трубчатые кости, так как они расщепляются на мелкие острые части.
  3. Хлебобулочные изделия, в том числе макаронные, и картофель. Последний вообще не усваивается собаками, а мучные продукты способствуют ожирению.
  4. Бобовые. Они приводят к расстройству пищеварения.
  5. Молоко. Приводит к расстройству пищеварения, и как следствие поносам.
  6. Колбасы, сосиски и разные копчености. Для собак это практически яд, так как эти продукты быстро разрушают печень питомца. Нарушение этого запрета может стать причиной гибели животного в молодом возрасте.
  7. Сладкое. Такие продукты не только разрушают зубы, но и вызывают нарушение пищеварения, а также приводят к слезоточивости.
  8. Пряности. Они могут испортить нюх животного или навредить вкусовым рецепторам, кроме того, некоторые специи нарушают работу желудочно-кишечного тракта.

Приблизительное меню лабрадора в день

Начнем с необходимого количества еды. Суточная норма рассчитываются исходя из того, что взрослому лабрадору на килограмм веса требуется 20 гр. мясных продуктов. При этом мясо составляет лишь половину рациона, вторую часть занимают овощи, крупы и молочные продукты.

Приблизительное меню лабрадора в деньПримерное меню собаки, весом 35 кг, согласно этим пропорциям, будет следующим:

  • мясные продукты – 700 гр.;
  • крупы – 350 гр.;
  • овощи – 350 гр.

При этом нужно учитывать, что собаку рекомендуется кормить дважды в сутки, следовательно, приведенную порцию необходимо разделить на две половины.

Как правильно выбрать сухой корм для лабрадора

Марка кора здесь не играет особой роли. Желательно найти подходящий вариант и среди премиум-сортов. Главное, чтобы продукт советовал следующим требованиям:

  • легкодоступен – есть в ближайших магазинах;
  • нравился собаке;
  • не вызывает у питомца аллергии и расстройств кишечника (есть специальные линейки гипоаллергенных кормов);
  • в состав не должны входить зерновые ингредиенты;
  • содержание белков должно быть минимальным.
Собака может питаться одной маркой корма, подобранной еще в щенячьем возрасте, на протяжении всей жизни. Более того, такой подход даже предпочтительнее, так как пищеварение собаки подстраивается заново под новый сорт корма.

Видео о питании лабрадора

В видеоролике можно почерпнуть знания не только об основных правилах кормления лабрадора, но и информацию о характере этой породы, советы по уходу и воспитанию.

Пожалуй, самая насущная проблема, связанная с питанием лабрадора, — выбор сухого корма. Поэтому, мы просим поделится своими мыслями и проблемами по этой теме наших читателей.
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