Гренландская собака: описание породы

Описание породы Гренландская собака

Краткая характеристика породы собак гренландская собака

  • Другие возможные названия собаки: Гренландсхунд, Гренландская лайка, Gronlandshund, Greenland Dog.
  • Рост взрослой собаки: может достигать 64 см, а суки – 60 см.
  • Вес: 30-32 кг.
  • Характерный окрас: цвет шерсти у гренландсхунда допускается любой, за исключением абсолютно белого.
  • Длина шерсти: достаточно длинная по всему телу, за исключением лап и головы. Подшерсток плотный, густой, мягкий.
  • Продолжительность жизни: около 13-15 лет.
  • Достоинства породы: выносливость, хорошее чутье и универсальность – они могут использоваться не только как ездовые собаки, но и для охоты или в качестве собак-компаньонов.
  • Сложности породы: тяжело содержать в квартире, потому что эти собаки – прирожденные трудяги, которым, помимо постоянной занятости, требуются просторный выгул и свобода.
  • Сколько стоит: 650-700 долларов.

История происхождения гренландской собаки

История происхождения гренландской собакиГренландская собака (гренландсхунд) – древняя ездовая и ныне одна из редчайших пород собак, способная выживать в самых тяжелых арктических условиях.

Ходят легенды, что прямыми предками гренландсхундов были волки, которые вязались с собаками эскимосов – об этом говорит поведение собак, похожее на поведение волков в стае. Точное происхождение гренландцев покрыто тайной, но известно, что выводилась порода целенаправленно для работы в арктических условиях – буксировки нарт, охоты на медведей и моржей. Есть версия, что предки гренландсхундов обитали на территории Сибири и со временем перекочевали в Гренландию – произошло это в XVII веке.

В Европу гренландсхунды попали в начале ХХ века благодаря ученому, который привез их после исследовательской поездки на Север, а стандарт породы был официально признан только в 1997 году. Популяция гренландцев в наше время крайне малочисленна – с развитием прогресса ездовых собак заменили снегоходы. Сейчас их мало даже в скандинавских странах.

Предназначение и характер гренландсхундов

Предназначение и характер гренландсхундовЕсли изначально собака выводилась для определенных целей, таких как перевозка грузов, охота, то сейчас гренландсхундов чаще всего можно увидеть лишь у поклонников породы и спортсменов, занимающихся ездовым спортом с собаками, реже – у охотников. В качестве «диванной собачки» гренландсхунда точно заводить не стоит – отсутствие работы не принесет этой собаке радости.

Гренландсхунд – уравновешенная, спокойная, но при этом достаточно энергичная собака. Она способна без устали работать, бегать, везти тяжелые грузы. Это собака контактная и не агрессивная к человеку, что не позволяет использовать ее в качестве охранника.

Первое впечатление о гренландской собаке такое: она равнодушна ко всему, но это далеко не так. Она бдительно следит за своим хозяином и рада ему услужить, но никогда не будет скакать вокруг него, выражая свою радость – скорее, она покажет ее другим способом: хорошо выполнит свою работу. Гренландца нельзя назвать преданным: при первой возможности он убежит от хозяина и сильно при этом не расстроится – гренландсхунд склонен к бродяжничеству.

Гренландская собака прекрасно уживается со всеми членами семьи, но владельцу всегда необходимо напоминать ей, кто хозяин в доме, так как эта собака склонна к доминированию. Именно поэтому в собачьем коллективе гренландсхунд нередко может стать главным зачинщиком свары.

В силу того, что эта собака ранее использовалась в качестве охотничьей, с мелкими животными (кошками, птицами) в одном доме ей будет сложно ужиться.

Интересно, что гренландцы любят пользоваться особым звуковым языком для общения: они лают, когда чем-то возбуждены, скулением выражают покорность, а если злятся – ворчат. Если такая собака воет, значит, ей не хватает общения.

Видео обзор породы гренландская собака

Посмотрев следующее видео вы сможете узнать о стандарте породы гренландская собака. Также диктор расскажет вам об истории происхождения породы, о ее внешнем виде, о ее характере.

Как выбрать щенка гренландской собаки

Как выбрать щенка гренландской собакиВыбор щенка – дело сложное и ответственное, ведь вам с вашим питомцем потом жить вместе долгие годы, и потому не стоит брать собаку у кого попало и где попало. Откажитесь от посещения «птичьих рынков», лучше всего начните с изучения всей доступной информации о выбранной вами породе, а затем найдите хорошего заводчика или питомник, занимающийся разведением гренландсхундов.

Лучше всего брать щенка в возрасте не менее 2-х месяцев – в этот период малыш уже перенял все необходимое от матери, а потому ему проще будет освоиться в новом доме. Подрощенного щенка брать можно, но помните: гренландсхунд – собака для опытных владельцев.

Выбирая щенка, обратите внимание на состояние его здоровья – глазки не должны гноиться, ушки и область под хвостом должны быть чистыми. Щенок не должен быть пугливым – бросьте неподалеку от него связку ключей и посмотрите на его реакцию.

Внешне щенки гренландской собаки чем-то похожи на волчат.

Клички для гренландской собаки

Кличка для собаки должна соответствовать не только ее внешнему виду, но и ее характеру, а также может подчеркивать и род ее деятельности. Не стоит выбирать для собачьего имени сложнопроизносимые слова, а также имена людей.

Клички для сук гренландсхунда: Венди, Ветта, Найда, Берта, Шерри.

Клички для кобелей гренландсхунда: Норд, Вольф, Кир, Некст, Микс.

Содержание и уход за гренландской собакой

Содержание и уход за гренландской собакойГренландская собака – не комнатный песик и уж точно не диванный лежебока. Содержать в квартире такую собаку противопоказано – без должной нагрузке и при отсутствии работы она просто захиреет и начнет портить ваши вещи.

Идеальное место проживания для такого пса – загородный дом с обширной территорией, где собака может набегаться, а прогулки должны сопровождаться регулярными насыщенными тренировками. При этом просто беготни за мячиком гренландцу не хватит – лучше всего займитесь с ним аджилити, бегом или ездовым спортом.

Шерсть гренландсхунда требует регулярного вычесывания.

Чем кормить гренландскую собаку

Калорийность рациона и размеры порции собаки зависят от количества нагрузок, а также от условий проживания. В зимнее время пища должна быть более питательной, чем летом. Взрослую собаку следует кормить 2 раза в день утром и вечером, щенка – в зависимости от возраста от 6 до 3 раз в день. При этом порции не должны быть большими – лучше покормить собаку чаще, но в меньших объемах.

В рационе как щенка, так и взрослой собаки должны обязательно присутствовать мясо (за исключением свинины), морская рыба, злаки, кисломолочные продукты. Но не злоупотребляйте углеводами – их переизбыток негативно сказывается на рабочих качествах собак. Белковая пища должна составлять основную долю рациона.

Дрессировка и воспитание гренландской собаки

Дрессировка и воспитание гренландской собакиГренландская собака достаточно понятлива и покорна, но слушаться будет только одного человека, которого признает лидером и хозяином. Лучше всего, если заниматься с собакой будет опытный кинолог, так как в дрессировке гренландсхунда могут возникнуть сложности: эта собака склонна к доминированию и требует особого подхода – она не терпит грубого обращения.

Дрессировать щенка гренландсхунда следует начинать с самого первого дня появления его в вашем доме.

Плюсы и минусы породы гренландская собака

У каждой породы собак есть свои плюсы и минусы. Попробуем выделить основные из них.

Достоинства гренландсхунда: редко лает, обладает острым нюхом, добродушная, выносливая, любит подвижные игры, прекрасный спортсмен, отличный компаньон.

Недостатки гренландсхунда: склонность к бродяжничеству, склонность к доминированию, требует высокой физической нагрузки, воет в квартире.

Отзывы владельцев о гренландской собаке

Инна:

Эта порода собак очень вынослива, мы пробегаем с ней многие километры без особых проблем. Она очень добрая – мои дети с ней замечательно проводят время. Сильный, бесстрашный характер, гренландсхунд – отличный компаньон для семьи. Живет в квартире, но мы много занимаемся. Единственный минус – повсюду шерсть, но нас это не пугает.

Фрей:

Моя девочка – мой любимый и самый лучший друг! К тому же она очень сильная – мы вместе с ней не раз участвовали в различных соревнованиях по ездовым упряжкам и нередко выигрывали. А все благодаря ей!

В воспитании и содержании такой собаки как гренландсхунд есть свои сложности и особенности, разобраться с которыми без советов опытных владельцев этих чудо-собак никак нельзя – правильное питание, возможность содержать в квартире, необходимая нагрузка и многое другое. Обо всем рассказать в этой небольшой статье не получится, так что предлагаем вам задавать свои вопросы в комментариях! Думаем, что вместе с опытными заводчиками и просто поклонниками этих прекрасных северных собак мы ответим на все интересующие вас вопросы.
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